KATHMANDU — The tagadharis or those who wear the ‘Janai’ (the sacred thread) around their bodies from the left shoulder change the sacred thread today after having a haircut and a bath on the occasion of ‘Janai Purnima’, also known as ‘Rishi Tarpani’.
This year, Nagpanchami and Janai Purnima are being observed on the same day. Nepal Calendar Determination Committee said that Janai Purnima is also being observed today as the partial eclipse is taking place on August 7, the day of Shrawan Shukla Purnima, by making the basis to ‘Satkarma Ratnawali’, ‘Nirnaya Sindhu’, ‘Kritya Batika’ and other anthologies.
This festival observed by the Hindus, especially of the Shaiva sect is also popularly known as ‘Gunhu Punhi’ in the Newar community.
Chairman of Nepal Calendar Determination Committee Prof Dr. Ram Chandra Gautam said that it is believed that pasting the picture of the serpentine on the door protects the house from lightning, fire, snake, scorpion and other poisonous insects.
Gautam said that Janai Purnima and Nag Panchami were observed on the same day in 1963 BS, 1982 BS and 2028 BS and 2047 BS as well.
According to the time-honoured tradition, the people receive the ‘Rakshya Bandhan’ thread, which is tied around the wrist as an amulet. The yellow thread is purified through the chanting of mantras by Brahmin priests as a symbol of protection from fear and disease. They also observe the occasion as ‘Kwanti Purnima’.
Kwanti, a soup prepared from nine different beans, is a special delicacy added to the Nepali menu today.
The ‘Kulabarna Tantra’, a Tantrik scripture, says that the soup is highly nutritious and keeps diseases away.
In the Terai region, there is a tradition in which sisters tie an attractive ‘Rakhi’ around the wrist of their brothers wishing them long life and prosperity.
Today, thousands of devotees worship lord Shiva at Pashupatinath in Kathmandu and at Kumbheswor in Lalitpur and take holy dips in ponds and lakes.
Religious fairs are held at Gosaikunda, an alpine area in Rasuwa District, and at Dansanghu, Triveni in Jumla district to observe the festival with offerings of worship to Lord Shiva. A big religious fair takes place at the Gosaikunda Lake and pilgrims come from faraway places to take a holy dip in this lake and other lakes nearby.
Religious fairs take place today at Pashupati and Manichud of Kathmandu; Gosaikunda of Rasuwa; Kumbheshwar of Lalitpur; Panchpokhari of Sindhupalchowk; Janakpurdham, Dhanush Sagar and Ganga Sagar of Dhanusha; Dansanghu of Jumla and Trivenidham of Nawalparasi.
The Buddhists observe this day in commemoration of the day the Lord Gautam Buddha defeated the evil power of lust. This episode is well-described in the Buddhist scripture ‘Lalitbistar’. A special fair takes place at Swayambhunath of Kathmandu today for this reason. RSS