It was on the news that Nepal will have its own satellite in space. Nepal already has its orbital slots in space provided by the International Telecommunication Union (ITU). It was available for a long time. Now, the dream of his own satellite will take place soon. The global tender for the installation and commissioning of Nepal satellite by international companies is known to lead to the honor of the contract very soon. Nepal call for satellite tenders was launched in October here in 2016.
There are two orbital positions for Nepal 123.3 ° East longitude, 50 ° East longitude. They will be used for the fixed-satellite service (FSS) and the broadcasting-satellite service (BSS) in the Ku-band spectrum.
Once the contract is granted, the company will undertake the international satellite launch in the orbital space allocated to Nepal. In addition, they are responsible for the operation and maintenance of the business model launched by satellite in Nepal and commercial terms.
Satellite application in Nepal
According to NTA, satellite applications include government services and commercial services. Government services include e-government connectivity, telecommunications services in remote areas, disaster response/emergency communication. Although commercial services can include direct home services (DTH), the ground link for cellular towers, VSAT, and broadband Internet. Satellites can also provide Wi-Fi connectivity to airplanes in-flight service.
Today, cable television operators, telecommunications operators, television broadcasting operators, and radio used as a means of communication. Nepal has several remote/rural areas where connectivity from the ground is a difficult task. In these areas, satellite services are the only option to ensure connectivity for telecommunications and broadcasting services.
Nepal is also prone to natural disasters, having its own satellite help to re-establish communication for disaster response and emergency response.
Satellite services are important for business, social and scientific applications, providing a unique ability to provide communications to many parts of the world that are not sufficiently served by other means. In order to operate a satellite network, it is necessary to obtain access to the spectrum for uplinks (satellite on land) and the return path of the satellite to stations in the service area.
Nepal has been also part of the recently launched Indian satellite
Nepal will also use a recently launched satellite bandwidth called GSAT9 from India. The initial aim was to provide an SAARC satellite to all member countries. But since Pakistan decided to withdraw, the results of the name in satellite South Asia is not confirmed yet. Other countries such as Bangladesh, Bhutan, Sri Lanka, Afghanistan, the Maldives, and Nepal can also use it for free. Nepal and other countries each have 36 Mbps of the bandwidth of this satellite. Each nation is responsible for construction facilities such as the earth station to connect to the satellite. The Ministry of Information and Communication (MOIC) still have to decide on this work and the use of it.
What do you think? Will it be possible for Nepal to launch its own satellite??